Italy`s reaction to the treaty has been extremely negative. The country had suffered heavy losses, but had not achieved most of its main war objectives, in particular to take control of the Dalmatian and fiume coast. President Wilson rejected Italy`s demands on the basis of “national self-determination”. Britain and France, which had been forced in the latter stages of the war to redirect their own troops to the Italian front to avoid collapse, were not inclined to support Italy`s position at the peace conference. Differences in the negotiating strategy between Prime Minister Vittorio Orlando and Foreign Minister Sidney Sonnino further undermined Italy`s position at the conference. A furious Vittorio Orlando had an annoying depression and left the conference at one point (although he returned later). Just a week before the treaty was expected to be signed, he lost his post as prime minister, ending his active political career. Three years later, anger and dismay at the treaty`s provisions paved the way for the establishment of the dictatorship of Benito Mussolini. The consequences of the First World War resolved many issues, including the precise position of national borders and the country to which some regions would join. Most of these issues have been dealt with by victorious allied powers in forums such as the Supreme Allied Council. Allies tended to refer to the League only particularly difficult questions. This meant that at the beginning of the interwar period, the league had little role to play in resolving the insemination of war.
Among the issues that the League examined in its early years were the issues contained in the Paris peace treaties. The Treaty of Versaille was the most important of the peace treaties that ended the First World War. It was signed on June 16, 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke François Ferdinand. The other central powers on the German side of the First World War signed separate treaties. Although the armistice signed on 11 November 1918 ended the fighting, it took six months of allied negotiations at the Paris peace conference to conclude the peace treaty. The treaty was registered on October 21, 1919 by the secretariat of the League of Nations. The League of Nations was created to prevent the First World War from happening again, but in two decades this effort failed. Economic depression, new nationalism, weakened successor states and feelings of humiliation (especially in Germany) finally contributed to the Second World War.