1998 Mideast Peace Agreement

On Monday, however, he reiterated Israel`s commitment to withdraw troops by November 16, which is stipulated in the Wye Agreement. Sinai was repatriated to Egypt in 1979 as part of an Israeli-Egyptian peace agreement, but the rest of the occupied territories remained under Israeli control. A group of Israelis called for the permanent annexation of these areas, and in the late 1970s, nationalist Jewish settlers moved into the territories to achieve this goal. A militant group, Islamic Jihad, organized a rally in Gaza, during which they burned a coffin with the words “Peace of Oslo” and also burned Israeli flags. Various attempts have been made (notably in Taba in 1995, Wye River in 1998 and Sharm el-Sheikh in 1999) to speed up the withdrawal and self-management rules of Oslo. In 2000, President Bill Clinton attempted to address final status issues – including borders, Jerusalem and refugees – that Oslo had left out for further negotiations. The resolution calls for the “withdrawal of Israeli forces from the territories occupied in the recent conflict” and “respect and recognition of the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of each state in the region and its right to live in peace within secure and recognized borders, without threats or acts of violence.” The Israeli and Palestinian leaders agreed to begin negotiations by the end of 2008 for a comprehensive peace agreement. They agreed that implementation would wait for the confidence-building measures set out in the roadmap to be respected. While official efforts have failed, an informal agreement was signed in December 2003 by Israeli and Palestinian figures – Yossi Beilin, one of the Israeli architects in Oslo, and former Palestinian Information Minister Yasser Abed Rabbo on the other side.

Resolution 242 was adopted on 22 November 1967 and represents the principle that guided most subsequent peace plans: the exchange of land for peace. Regular meetings were held between Mr. Olmert and Mr. Abbas, during which their teams exchanged cards on possible border solutions, but were unable to reach an agreement. Olmert said his offer was the most generous ever made to the Palestinians – international surveillance of Jerusalem`s holy sites, the symbolic return of thousands of Palestinian refugees, and the Israeli withdrawal of 93.7 percent from the West Bank, plus 5.8 percent of their territory from Israel in a land exchange. Abbas` team said it had created a map that offered Israelis the 1.9% ownership of the West Bank in exchange for land in Israel. Here are the most important peace proposals since 1967 and what happened to them. The talks were held in secret under the aegis of Norway and the agreement was signed on September 13, 1993 on the White House lawn, as reported by President Bill Clinton. PLO leader Jasser Arafat and Israeli Prime Minister Yitzchak Rabin shook hands. The second agreement was the framework of The Camp David for the peace treaty between Egypt and Israel.

The Israeli withdrawal from Sinai followed in 1979. This was the first recognition of Israel as a state by a large Arab country. The talks are probably the most successful negotiations in the entire peace process. The treaty lasted and greatly strengthened Israel`s position.